1:1 sp. -Gram-negative includes a large number of aerobic

 

1:1 Urinary tract infection (UTIs)

Urinary
tract infection
(UTIs) is one of the most common frequently occurring nosocomial infections.
Normally UTIs are caused by a variety of Gram-negative and Gram-positive
bacteria.

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-The Gram-positive
bacteria include Staphylococcus sp, Streptococcus sp and Enterococcus
sp.

-Gram-negative includes a large number of aerobic bacilli
such as Escherichia sp, Klebsiella sp, Enterobacter sp, Citrobacter
sp, Proteus sp, Serratia sp, Salmonella sp and Pseudomonas sp.

Among this 80-90% of
UTI is caused by E. coli and in ambulatory patients and of nosocomial
infections, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Proteus mirabilis, Staphylococcus aureus,
Enterococcus faecalis are the most frequently isolated.Most of urinary
tract infection are caused by bacteria that live in the intestine. The Escherichia
coli bacteria cause the majority of urinary tract infection. Some
bacteria called Chlamydia and Mycoplasma can infect the urethra and
reproductive system. Also, they are may be sexually transmitted and
require treatment of sexual partners. It is not known why kidney stones may occur.
There are many medical disorders that predispose people to their development.
These conditions include gout, hyperparathyroidism, polycystic kidney disease
and recurrent urinary tract infections. In other cases, abnormalities in
the constituents of urine appear to be the underlying problem. The urine may
contain excessive amounts of constituents that make up kidney stones such as
calcium or uric acid kidney stones can also predispose to urinary
tract infections. Urinary tract infections occurring in the presence of
kidney stones can be very difficult to eradicate. Sometimes, if a stone
blocks a kidney for a prolonged period of time, the kidney may be irreversibly
damaged .

A urinary tract infection will occur when microorganism get in to
urinary tract and cause infection in this system and the result redness and swelling
and pain in the urinary tract ,most UTIs stay in bladder where urine is stored
and remain before get out in the body and the bacteria stay there and throw to
the urethra and kidney and cause infection and cause serious type infection is
called  pyelonephritis so pyelonephritis
is actual infection of kidney it cause back pain and pain during urination and
change color and odder of urine ,so in microscopy  test for urine can find puss cell and
RBC  and many time seen bacteria.

What is couse of urinary tract infection

About 80% or 90% utis cause by bacteria called E .coli  so this normally found in intestine in there
is normal flora .but while it transmit to the urinary tract it cause pathogen
.and another type of bacteria cause infection of uti but is not common …

What is the symptom of UTis

Not all UTI s has symptom but may be one of this symptom get least
one of this symptom.

1.Suddenly need to urinate after few drop of urine will come

 

2.Pain and burning during urinate

3.Bloody or cloudy appearance of
urine

4.Bad odor of urine

5.Pain in lower back

6.Chills and fever

7.Vomiting and nausea

 

Who more likely get UTIs

People may have diabetes will change
in immune system and cause utis

1.People have blockage urinary tract
such stone and enlargement of prostate gland and back flow urine and cause UTIs

2.Infant who have problem with
urinary tract as soon as need surgery

3.People who have a catheter or tube
in bladder it cause UTIs because contamination

4.Gender .woman more likely get UTIs
than men bscouse has short urethra and nearly in anus

5.Pregnant woman is more likely get
UTIs because has high blood pressure or abnormality of fetus (1(