Going it was created to softness the German –

Going back to July 1952, when the European
Coal and Steel community was created)
ECSC (,
the members were Germany, France, Italy, Belgium, Luxemburg and the Netherland
they aimed to shape the steel and coal and to freely enter the production
sources 1,
but some argues that the essentially it was created to softness the German –
French hostility and create a new economic unity, which leads eventually in
1957 to Treaty of Rome.2

In 1955, EEC) European Economic Community (and the
European Atomic Energy Community) EURATOM) was created,
even though the EURATOM has its own legal body it contains the same members of
the EU, and remain under the EU institution.3

We Will Write a Custom Essay Specifically
For You For Only $13.90/page!


order now

The Ultimate goal target was still not
achieved, and after the oil crisis in 1973 and 1981, a serious concern was
raised about how to strengthen the energy sector of the EU and more and more
concerns about the scarcity of the oil prices and how to minimize the dependency
on others in energy imports.4

The main target thought not to be achieved,
many reasons may have played a role in this, the Member states were considering
the energy as a sovereignty of the own states and the were not willing to give
this up, and of course the differences in the domestic markets and external supply
were also way variables between the member state.5

It is till the 1980s, when a noticeable
change was observed, no obvious reason lay behind, but rather some random clarification,
that the monopoly system has lost its purpose and wasn’t necessary anymore, the
idea of competitive markets started to make sense especially after it was successfully
experiences in UK and USA.6

The First step on European Energy Policy
was in 1995 which what was named the Commission’s Green Paper.

The Green Paper set the main criteria of
the European Energy Policy which are Sustainability, Competitiveness and Security
of Supply 7,
this paper was such like a momentum to the creation of the energy internal
market. EM.

The Directives 96/92/EC 8in
which a common rule for the generation, transmission and distribution of electricity,
giving the definite advantages to competition and free trade, in align with
similar Directive 98/30/EC9 in
gas sector.

The Member state went through a five year
of negotiations, conciliations and disagreements till it was finally enforced
in February 1997 and the member states were give two years to reflect its
provision into their national laws (only Belgium, Greece and Ireland were given
more time due to some technical challenges).10

Since common rules were not sufficient to
create a single European market, second package of Directives 2003/54/EC 11 ,
and 2003/55/EC12
were introduces but this time along with regulations 1228/200313
and 1775/200814

1 Understanding the Global
Energy Crisis

2 The EU Energy Law and Policy
Page 15 Pargraph 1

3 Understanding the Global Energy
Crisis

4 The EU Energy Law and Policy
Page 15 Pargraph 1

5 The EU Energy Law and Policy
Page 17 Pargraph 2

6 6 The EU Energy Law and Policy

7 Green Paper European Strategy
for Sustainable, competitive and secure energy – Brussel 08.03.2006

8 Directive 96/92/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council 1996 set the rule for internal market of
electricity

9 Directive 98/30/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council 1996 set the rule for internal market of
gas

10 Official Journal of the
European Union L 027,1997

11 Directive 2003/54/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council 2003 set the rule for internal market of
electricity repealing Directive 96/92/EC

12 Directive 2003/55/EC of the
European Parliament and of the Council 2003 set the rule for internal market of
electricity repealing Directive 98/30/EC

13Regulation 1228/2003 of the European
Parliament and of the Council 2003 set the condition for access to the network
for cross border exchange in electricity

14 Regulation 1775/2005 of the
European Parliament and of the Council 2005 set the condition for access to the
natural gas transmission network