Hip replacement also known as hip arthroplasty is a surgical procedure in which the hip joint will be replaced by an artificial joint often made from metal and plastic materials. Hip joint replacement will be required if there is severe pain in the hip joint, your mobility has become too painful even when resting due to severe arthritis or serious injury, and you can hardly perform and enjoy anymore your daily activities. But this method will be the last resort, doctors will still try non-surgical methods, such as physiotherapy and steroids, if it still doesn’t work, that will be the time that orthopedic surgeon will recommend hip joint replacement.Total hip can be carried out using general anesthesia, you will be put in deep sleep and will feel no pain, as an alternative, a spinal anesthesia can also be used. After the surgery, you will require a wedge-shaped cushion between your legs to help to keep the hip joint in place and it will be 4 to 6 days before you can be discharged. Physical therapy usually begins the day after surgery and for the first 5 to 6 weeks after the operation you will require a walking aid for support.Physical therapy will begin a day after the surgery. Your physical therapist will provide you with techniques as part of your recuperation. Knowing the right exercises aids in your recovery and will give you the tools you need to have your hip in good condition.During your convalescence period, you should see your doctor if you are having these signs & symptoms:pain in the hip or legswelling at or near the hip jointgrinding from the hipYour legs may not be equal length after the surgery.Numbness in the hip or thighBleeding, hematoma or pus formation in the hip or thigh areaIf you feel any of these symptoms, please contact your physician as soon as possible.Once you had returned home, these are simple measures to help you in your recovery:Refrain from climbing the stairs.Always use straight-back chairs, refrain from using recliners.Use an elevated toilet seat. This will help your hips from stretching and bending.Do not sit too low or cross your legs too much.It can take up to 12 months before it is fully healed and full mobility. But, even though it is already healed, you cannot do hard sports or strenuous activities that may injure your hip joint. Your artificial hip joint is designed to last for at LEAST 15 years. But, new technologies in materials and new techniques in surgery can make your hip joint lasts even longer.