Introduction?United that corrections are trying to achieve, can be

Introduction?United States has the highest incarceration rate in the world with over 9.8 million people are incarcerated throughout the world. The United States has incarcerated a disproportionately large number of poor and uneducated Americans and many of them are African Americans. African American men have a 1 in 3 chance of being incarcerated during their lifetimes, as compared to a 1 in 6 chance for Latino men and a 1 in 17 chance for Caucasian men. Mostly people who go to prison, come from a very few neighborhoods, places where schools are bad and with bad housing. The “social effects of incarceration are concentrated among young, poor, black men and urban black communities”.  Even Though the growth of the overall prison population has gone down in recent years,  but the number of adults under correctional supervision has gone up by 4 times from 1980 to 2009. Incarcerated people are always at high risk for violence, substance abuse, mental illness and infectious diseases while they spend their time in prison. Correctional aims are defined as “the varied purposes that corrections are trying to achieve, can be understood as made of many competing and often contradictory objectives”. There are six primary correctional aims within the criminal justice system that the essay discusses.Retribution?Retribution Implies that the offender’s punishment should be proportional to its crime. Offenders committing minor crimes get minor punishments and offenders committing major crimes gets serious management or in other words it’s like Hammurabi’s code, “eye for an eye”. Few of the plus sides for retribution would be that people feel safer after the inmate is in prison for breaking the law, as well as it gives the family of a victim or individual a sense of relief and acceptance knowing that the criminals are locked away and is not able to hurt them or anyone for a long and the only negative side comes to mind is that, with retribution some of the time the offender might pleads out and gets less sentencing than what they deserve. For example, a murderer may plead guilty for serving 10 years rather than going to trial and get sentenced for 15 or more.IncapacitationIncapacitation deny offenders the liberty and remove them from the society to make it a safer place for the people so that the society or the people cannot be further victimized The best way to incapacitate is by imprisonment. But there are other way of implicating   incapacitation, with including curfews or putting restrictions on criminals movement like house monitoring or reporting to an officer, also by drug therapy (Wood, 2007). The incapacitative effect of imprisonment means an offender cannot be involved in the community or hurt anyone in any ways. The incapacitation is an expected way to prevent crimes that an offender might do.?Incapacitation is in two forms: collective incapacitation and selective incapacitation. They are different to an extent that they are focused on determining an offender’s risk of committing future crimes. The Collective Incapacitation refers to all the people who has committed same crime gets the same punishment, when considered as a group. The  Selective Incapacitation is when an individual receives sentences based on their criminal activity. The idea is to improve the use of incapacitation and to tackle the issue of budget.Deterrence?Deterrence is the prevention of crime by the threat of punishment. It is meant to create examples for the offenders and society that the criminal activities are not bearable. I feel that deterrence is used most of the time to show people with criminal tendence that society will not accept the criminals by giving out harsher punishments, by giving out the maximum sentencing for an offense. A few pros of deterrence are, arresting a criminal would embarrass him or her enough that they will not think of continuing to commit the crime, also if community shows that it will not stand with the crimes in the community by disbanding and sentencing offenders to the most sentencing. Best way to make offenders think twice about committing a crime in the first place. A con of deterrence would be that Some people has nothing to lose compared to those who has everything to lose, so deterrence is effective only when an individual has a lot to lose. There are two types of deterrence, first one is general deterrence, which occurs when observer sees is that offenders are punished for a given crime and discouraged from doing the same crime again and  Second one is specific deterrence which is a pan on specific offender in a hope of discouraging him or her from doing the same crime in the future. The deterrence has much to do with who is being deterned than how deterrence is being implemented.