The question of fate and free will is big in the Oresteia because it answers the question of accountability. Who is held accountable runs parallel to the question of what punishment is appropriate. Throughout the history of the Oresteia, regardless of fate and free will, the punishment given out is always violence. Each character enacting an eye for an eye by taking on the roles of judge, jury, and executioner only leading to more violence. Aeschylus uses the gods interference in human activity in order to illustrate the dangers of interpreting the gods interference as fate which ultimately leads to justice not being served.The gods interfere at different points of the House’s story whenever there is a question about justice and its appropriate enforcement. The gods may intervene through the form of punishment, exemplified by when Tantalus is punished with eternal thirst and hunger. The gods also intervene through ensuring their verdict of guilt is carried out; Apollo both pressures Orestes into enacting revenge against his mother and stands as his defense in the trial held against him, with Athena as the judge, when the Furies seeks justice for Clytemnestra. Another way the gods intervene is by encouraging violence. For example, The Furies declaring, “Let evil vie with evil, sword with sword; let anger be unchecked, repentance dumb. Surred by insensate rage, ….” (Seneca, 46) The violence is encouraged in order to punish a family line of someone who has committed a crime, so even through this action the gods are attempting to enforce justice. The gods interfere constantly in the lives of humans, and it has different effects than the gods intended. The common human interpretation of this interference by the gods is “fate”; and as such they do not feel culpable for their own actions.In the Thyestes, Tantalus’ ghost says “to which new torture I have been assigned”(Seneca, 45) suggesting that he believes his actions are not of his own will. Agamemnon says, in reference to sacrificing his daughter, “a heavy doom will crush me,” (Aeschylus, 110) meaning he believes that he has no choice in the matter and “slips his neck in the strap of Fate” (Aeschylus, 110) or in his mind submits to an unmovable course of action. In regards to their own actions, characters believe they are cursed by their ancestors so even if they try to outrun their fate, they are only brought closer to it. The dangers of interpreting the gods interference as fate is the characters begin to believe they are destined by fate to commit the sins of their ancestors. They begin to assume they are just playing a future history that is already set in stone which seems to be only further exemplified by the fact that each time a character tries to outrun their fate, they are only brought closer to it. This dangerous interpretation leads to lack of regard for their acts injustice and violence because how can they really be held accountable for their own actions. Upon further analysis, we see that every violent act that occurred was a choice that was planned and executed by the characters. Free will is how humans act on their own without gods interfering. If something is planned and executed then the Oresteia makes a solid claim about free will. The fact that characters throughout the play were able to choose between different course of actions means that they had free will. Both Orestes and Clytemnestra plan and execute revenge plots and Agamemnon chose to sacrifice his daughter as the virgin. If he is bound by some duty, as in he is supposed to do it, then he still has to choose to do so. Each character uses their own free will to achieve their own personal goals whether that be revenge or sole ownership of a birthright or favorable winds. If fate is its own entity, existing outside of an individual, like a god, then no one could be truly seen as blameworthy or responsible for any actions they commit. Fate alone driving violence to occur despite human action only means justice is not achieved. The blame gets pushed onto fate, absolving people of responsibility. Another danger of false interpretation of the interference is characters feel obligated to take matters into their own hands resulting in an endless cycle of violence. The characters deal with each of their own problems themselves because they feel like the people who should have dealt with it failed to do so. They take matters into hands vengeance or retribution for wrongs. For example, Clytemnestra killing Agamemnon because there was no justice do Iphigenia’s death or Orestes killing Clytemnestra because there was no justice for Agamemnon’s death. Vengeance becomes a the way to gain justice. Aeschylus suggests that a solution to this dangerous interpretation is an institutionalized form of justice. Law and crimes being punished by a trial and judge ensure that people are held accountable for their actions. Fate does not decide our actions and it’s not appropriate for us to become judge, jury, and executioner. We see this shift from retribution and vengeance to an institutionalized justice. In part one of the Oresteia, Agamemnon, there is no law to abide by; however, by part three of the Oresteia, the Eumenides, Orestes is being put on a trial. Aeschylus uses the tragedy that unfolds in the Oresteia as warning of the violence that is bound to happen if fate is the sole blame of a person’s actions. Vengeance and retribution are inevitable when people mistakenly blame fate for their own actions. Blaming fate for a person’s actions is only an excuse that ensures no solution for the problem. In conclusion, the gods interference interpretation as fate is dangerous because the characters feel absolved from accountability. A solution to this is law. An institutionalized law where people are tried by juries and a judge presiding ensuring those who commit unjust or violent acts are held accountable. It is step towards an orderly existence between people. Justice is no longer a personal vendetta and people are no longer vigilantes. It is a step towards justice, but not for all. The justice that is reached is not a legitimate form because women are neglected. The consequences of male dominance are evident today with misogyny rampant and it is manifested any many different ways. Women are constantly being shrunk and cast aside at the expense of men. Women are taught accommodation, silence, and obedience. Men are viewed as dominant and superior to women. Toxic masculinity guarantees violence is encouraged and women are killed for rejecting dates. There is perpetuation of a rape culture as men are taught their identity is centered in their ability to dominate women. We see these effects with the countless women coming forward with their own experience with sexual assault by everyone from politicians to coaches. If women are treated as less than in our justice system it becomes easy to treat women as less than in all facets of society.